QGIS API Documentation 3.37.0-Master (c2d15952569)
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qgsfieldexpressionwidget.cpp
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1
2/***************************************************************************
3 qgsfieldexpressionwidget.cpp
4 --------------------------------------
5 Date : 01.04.2014
6 Copyright : (C) 2014 Denis Rouzaud
8***************************************************************************
9* *
10* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify *
11* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by *
12* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or *
13* (at your option) any later version. *
14* *
15***************************************************************************/
16
17#include <QHBoxLayout>
18#include <QObject>
19#include <QKeyEvent>
20
21#include "qgsapplication.h"
24#include "qgsfieldproxymodel.h"
25#include "qgsdistancearea.h"
26#include "qgsfieldmodel.h"
27#include "qgsvectorlayer.h"
28#include "qgsproject.h"
31
33 : QWidget( parent )
34 , mExpressionDialogTitle( tr( "Expression Builder" ) )
35 , mDistanceArea( nullptr )
36
37{
38 QHBoxLayout *layout = new QHBoxLayout( this );
39 layout->setContentsMargins( 0, 0, 0, 0 );
40
41 mCombo = new QComboBox( this );
42 mCombo->setEditable( true );
43 mCombo->setSizePolicy( QSizePolicy::MinimumExpanding, QSizePolicy::Minimum );
44 const int width = mCombo->minimumSizeHint().width();
45 mCombo->setMinimumWidth( width );
46
47 mFieldProxyModel = new QgsFieldProxyModel( mCombo );
48 mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->setAllowExpression( true );
49 mCombo->setModel( mFieldProxyModel );
50
51 mButton = new QToolButton( this );
52 mButton->setSizePolicy( QSizePolicy::Minimum, QSizePolicy::Minimum );
53 mButton->setIcon( QgsApplication::getThemeIcon( QStringLiteral( "/mIconExpression.svg" ) ) );
54
55 layout->addWidget( mCombo );
56 layout->addWidget( mButton );
57
58 connect( mCombo->lineEdit(), &QLineEdit::textEdited, this, &QgsFieldExpressionWidget::expressionEdited );
59 connect( mCombo->lineEdit(), &QLineEdit::editingFinished, this, &QgsFieldExpressionWidget::expressionEditingFinished );
60 connect( mCombo, static_cast < void ( QComboBox::* )( int ) > ( &QComboBox::activated ), this, &QgsFieldExpressionWidget::currentFieldChanged );
61 connect( mButton, &QAbstractButton::clicked, this, &QgsFieldExpressionWidget::editExpression );
62 connect( mFieldProxyModel, &QAbstractItemModel::modelAboutToBeReset, this, &QgsFieldExpressionWidget::beforeResetModel );
63 connect( mFieldProxyModel, &QAbstractItemModel::modelReset, this, &QgsFieldExpressionWidget::afterResetModel );
64
65 mExpressionContext = QgsExpressionContext();
66 mExpressionContext << QgsExpressionContextUtils::globalScope()
68
69 mCombo->installEventFilter( this );
70}
71
73{
74 mExpressionDialogTitle = title;
75}
76
77void QgsFieldExpressionWidget::setFilters( QgsFieldProxyModel::Filters filters )
78{
79 mFieldProxyModel->setFilters( filters );
80}
81
83{
84 mCombo->lineEdit()->setClearButtonEnabled( allowEmpty );
85 mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->setAllowEmptyFieldName( allowEmpty );
86}
87
89{
90 return mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->allowEmptyFieldName();
91}
92
94{
95 QHBoxLayout *layout = dynamic_cast<QHBoxLayout *>( this->layout() );
96 if ( !layout )
97 return;
98
99 if ( isLeft )
100 {
101 QLayoutItem *item = layout->takeAt( 1 );
102 layout->insertWidget( 0, item->widget() );
103 }
104 else
105 layout->addWidget( mCombo );
106}
107
109{
110 mDistanceArea = std::shared_ptr<const QgsDistanceArea>( new QgsDistanceArea( da ) );
111}
112
114{
115 return mCombo->currentText();
116}
117
122
124{
125 return asExpression();
126}
127
128bool QgsFieldExpressionWidget::isValidExpression( QString *expressionError ) const
129{
130 QString temp;
131 return QgsExpression::checkExpression( currentText(), &mExpressionContext, expressionError ? *expressionError : temp );
132}
133
135{
136 return !mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->isField( currentText() );
137}
138
139QString QgsFieldExpressionWidget::currentField( bool *isExpression, bool *isValid ) const
140{
141 QString text = currentText();
142 const bool valueIsExpression = this->isExpression();
143 if ( isValid )
144 {
145 // valid if not an expression (ie, set to a field), or set to an expression and expression is valid
146 *isValid = !valueIsExpression || isValidExpression();
147 }
148 if ( isExpression )
149 {
150 *isExpression = valueIsExpression;
151 }
152 return text;
153}
154
156{
157 return mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->layer();
158}
159
161{
162 mExpressionContextGenerator = generator;
163}
164
166{
167 QgsVectorLayer *vl = qobject_cast< QgsVectorLayer * >( layer );
168
169 if ( mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->layer() )
170 disconnect( mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->layer(), &QgsVectorLayer::updatedFields, this, &QgsFieldExpressionWidget::reloadLayer );
171
172 if ( vl )
173 mExpressionContext = vl->createExpressionContext();
174 else
175 mExpressionContext = QgsProject::instance()->createExpressionContext();
176
177 mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->setLayer( vl );
178
179 if ( mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->layer() )
180 connect( mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->layer(), &QgsVectorLayer::updatedFields, this, &QgsFieldExpressionWidget::reloadLayer, Qt::UniqueConnection );
181}
182
183void QgsFieldExpressionWidget::setField( const QString &fieldName )
184{
185 if ( fieldName.isEmpty() )
186 {
187 setRow( -1 );
188 emit fieldChanged( QString() );
189 emit fieldChanged( QString(), true );
190 return;
191 }
192
193 if ( fieldName.size() > mCombo->lineEdit()->maxLength() )
194 {
195 mCombo->lineEdit()->setMaxLength( fieldName.size() );
196 }
197
198 QModelIndex idx = mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->indexFromName( fieldName );
199 if ( !idx.isValid() )
200 {
201 // try to remove quotes and white spaces
202 QString simpleFieldName = fieldName.trimmed();
203 if ( simpleFieldName.startsWith( '"' ) && simpleFieldName.endsWith( '"' ) )
204 {
205 simpleFieldName.remove( 0, 1 ).chop( 1 );
206 idx = mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->indexFromName( simpleFieldName );
207 }
208
209 if ( !idx.isValid() )
210 {
211 // new expression
212 mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->setExpression( fieldName );
213 idx = mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->indexFromName( fieldName );
214 }
215 }
216 const QModelIndex proxyIndex = mFieldProxyModel->mapFromSource( idx );
217 mCombo->setCurrentIndex( proxyIndex.row() );
219}
220
222{
223 mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->setFields( fields );
224}
225
226void QgsFieldExpressionWidget::setExpression( const QString &expression )
227{
229}
230
232{
233 const QString currentExpression = asExpression();
234 QgsVectorLayer *vl = layer();
235
236 const QgsExpressionContext context = mExpressionContextGenerator ? mExpressionContextGenerator->createExpressionContext() : mExpressionContext;
237
238 QgsExpressionBuilderDialog dlg( vl, currentExpression, this, QStringLiteral( "generic" ), context );
239 if ( mDistanceArea )
240 {
241 dlg.setGeomCalculator( *mDistanceArea );
242 }
243 dlg.setWindowTitle( mExpressionDialogTitle );
244 dlg.setAllowEvalErrors( mAllowEvalErrors );
245
246 if ( !vl )
247 dlg.expressionBuilder()->expressionTree()->loadFieldNames( mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->fields() );
248
249 if ( dlg.exec() )
250 {
251 const QString newExpression = dlg.expressionText();
252 setField( newExpression );
253 }
254}
255
261
263{
264 const QString expression = mCombo->lineEdit()->text();
265 mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->setExpression( expression );
266 const QModelIndex idx = mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->indexFromName( expression );
267 const QModelIndex proxyIndex = mFieldProxyModel->mapFromSource( idx );
268 mCombo->setCurrentIndex( proxyIndex.row() );
270}
271
273{
274 if ( event->type() == QEvent::EnabledChange )
275 {
277 }
278}
279
280void QgsFieldExpressionWidget::reloadLayer()
281{
282 setLayer( mFieldProxyModel->sourceFieldModel()->layer() );
283}
284
285void QgsFieldExpressionWidget::beforeResetModel()
286{
287 // Backup expression
288 mBackupExpression = mCombo->currentText();
289}
290
291void QgsFieldExpressionWidget::afterResetModel()
292{
293 // Restore expression
294 mCombo->lineEdit()->setText( mBackupExpression );
295}
296
297bool QgsFieldExpressionWidget::eventFilter( QObject *watched, QEvent *event )
298{
299 if ( watched == mCombo && event->type() == QEvent::KeyPress )
300 {
301 QKeyEvent *keyEvent = static_cast<QKeyEvent *>( event );
302 if ( keyEvent->key() == Qt::Key_Enter || keyEvent->key() == Qt::Key_Return )
303 {
305 return true;
306 }
307 }
308 return QObject::eventFilter( watched, event );
309}
310
312{
313 return mAllowEvalErrors;
314}
315
317{
318 if ( allowEvalErrors == mAllowEvalErrors )
319 return;
320
321 mAllowEvalErrors = allowEvalErrors;
323}
324
325
327{
328 return mButton->isVisibleTo( this );
329}
330
332{
333 if ( visible == buttonVisible() )
334 return;
335
336 mButton->setVisible( visible );
338}
339
341{
343
344 bool isExpression, isValid;
345 const QString fieldName = currentField( &isExpression, &isValid );
346
347 // display tooltip if widget is shorter than expression
348 const QFontMetrics metrics( mCombo->lineEdit()->font() );
349 if ( metrics.boundingRect( fieldName ).width() > mCombo->lineEdit()->width() )
350 {
351 mCombo->setToolTip( fieldName );
352 }
353 else
354 {
355 mCombo->setToolTip( QString() );
356 }
357
358 emit fieldChanged( fieldName );
359 emit fieldChanged( fieldName, isValid );
360}
361
362void QgsFieldExpressionWidget::updateLineEditStyle( const QString &expression )
363{
364 QString stylesheet;
365 if ( !isEnabled() )
366 {
367 stylesheet = QStringLiteral( "QLineEdit { color: %1; }" ).arg( QColor( Qt::gray ).name() );
368 }
369 else
370 {
371 bool isExpression, isValid;
372 if ( !expression.isEmpty() )
373 {
374 isExpression = true;
375 isValid = isExpressionValid( expression );
376 }
377 else
378 {
379 currentField( &isExpression, &isValid );
380 }
381 QFont font = mCombo->lineEdit()->font();
382 font.setItalic( isExpression );
383 mCombo->lineEdit()->setFont( font );
384
385 if ( isExpression && !isValid )
386 {
387 stylesheet = QStringLiteral( "QLineEdit { color: %1; }" ).arg( QColor( Qt::red ).name() );
388 }
389 }
390 mCombo->lineEdit()->setStyleSheet( stylesheet );
391}
392
393bool QgsFieldExpressionWidget::isExpressionValid( const QString &expressionStr )
394{
395 QgsExpression expression( expressionStr );
396 expression.prepare( &mExpressionContext );
397 return !expression.hasParserError();
398}
399
401{
402 mExpressionContext.appendScope( scope );
403}
static QIcon getThemeIcon(const QString &name, const QColor &fillColor=QColor(), const QColor &strokeColor=QColor())
Helper to get a theme icon.
A general purpose distance and area calculator, capable of performing ellipsoid based calculations.
A generic dialog for building expression strings.
void setGeomCalculator(const QgsDistanceArea &da)
Sets geometry calculator used in distance/area calculations.
QgsExpressionBuilderWidget * expressionBuilder()
The builder widget that is used by the dialog.
void setAllowEvalErrors(bool allowEvalErrors)
Allow accepting expressions with evaluation errors.
QgsExpressionTreeView * expressionTree() const
Returns the expression tree.
Abstract interface for generating an expression context.
virtual QgsExpressionContext createExpressionContext() const =0
This method needs to be reimplemented in all classes which implement this interface and return an exp...
Single scope for storing variables and functions for use within a QgsExpressionContext.
static QgsExpressionContextScope * projectScope(const QgsProject *project)
Creates a new scope which contains variables and functions relating to a QGIS project.
static QgsExpressionContextScope * globalScope()
Creates a new scope which contains variables and functions relating to the global QGIS context.
Expression contexts are used to encapsulate the parameters around which a QgsExpression should be eva...
void appendScope(QgsExpressionContextScope *scope)
Appends a scope to the end of the context.
void loadFieldNames(const QgsFields &fields)
This allows loading fields without specifying a layer.
Class for parsing and evaluation of expressions (formerly called "search strings").
static QString quotedColumnRef(QString name)
Returns a quoted column reference (in double quotes)
static bool checkExpression(const QString &text, const QgsExpressionContext *context, QString &errorMessage)
Tests whether a string is a valid expression.
void setExpressionDialogTitle(const QString &title)
define the title used in the expression dialog
void setAllowEmptyFieldName(bool allowEmpty)
Sets whether an optional empty field ("not set") option is shown in the combo box.
void setField(const QString &fieldName)
sets the current field or expression in the widget
bool isExpression() const
If the content is not just a simple field this method will return true.
QgsFieldExpressionWidget(QWidget *parent=nullptr)
QgsFieldExpressionWidget creates a widget with a combo box to display the fields and expression and a...
void expressionEdited(const QString &expression)
when expression is edited by the user in the line edit, it will be checked for validity
void setButtonVisible(bool visible)
Set the visibility of the button.
QString asExpression() const
Returns the currently selected field or expression.
void setExpression(const QString &expression)
Sets the current expression text and if applicable also the field.
void setGeomCalculator(const QgsDistanceArea &da)
Sets the geometry calculator used in the expression dialog.
bool isValidExpression(QString *expressionError=nullptr) const
Returns true if the current expression is valid.
bool isExpressionValid(const QString &expressionStr)
void setFields(const QgsFields &fields)
Sets the fields used in the widget to fields, this allows the widget to work without a layer.
void changeEvent(QEvent *event) override
QgsFieldProxyModel::Filters filters
QString expression() const
Returns the currently selected field or expression.
void setRow(int row)
sets the current row in the widget
QgsVectorLayer * layer() const
Returns the layer currently associated with the widget.
void editExpression()
open the expression dialog to edit the current or add a new expression
void appendScope(QgsExpressionContextScope *scope)
Appends a scope to the current expression context.
void expressionEditingFinished()
when expression has been edited (finished) it will be added to the model
void setLayer(QgsMapLayer *layer)
Sets the layer used to display the fields and expression.
void updateLineEditStyle(const QString &expression=QString())
updateLineEditStyle will re-style (color/font) the line edit depending on content and status
void buttonVisibleChanged()
Emitted when the button visibility changes.
void registerExpressionContextGenerator(const QgsExpressionContextGenerator *generator)
Register an expression context generator class that will be used to retrieve an expression context fo...
void setAllowEvalErrors(bool allowEvalErrors)
Allow accepting expressions with evaluation errors.
void fieldChanged(const QString &fieldName)
Emitted when the currently selected field changes.
bool eventFilter(QObject *watched, QEvent *event) override
QString currentText() const
Returns the current text that is set in the expression area.
void setFilters(QgsFieldProxyModel::Filters filters)
setFilters allows filtering according to the type of field
void allowEvalErrorsChanged()
Allow accepting expressions with evaluation errors.
QString currentField(bool *isExpression=nullptr, bool *isValid=nullptr) const
currentField returns the currently selected field or expression if allowed
bool isField(const QString &expression) const
Returns true if a string represents a field reference, or false if it is an expression consisting of ...
void setAllowExpression(bool allowExpression)
Sets whether custom expressions are accepted and displayed in the model.
void setLayer(QgsVectorLayer *layer)
Set the layer from which fields are displayed.
void setExpression(const QString &expression)
Sets a single expression to be added after the fields at the end of the model.
QgsFields fields() const
Returns the fields currently shown in the model.
void setFields(const QgsFields &fields)
Manually sets the fields to use for the model.
bool allowEmptyFieldName
QgsVectorLayer * layer
QModelIndex indexFromName(const QString &fieldName)
Returns the index corresponding to a given fieldName.
void setAllowEmptyFieldName(bool allowEmpty)
Sets whether an optional empty field ("not set") option is present in the model.
The QgsFieldProxyModel class provides an easy to use model to display the list of fields of a layer.
QgsFieldModel * sourceFieldModel()
Returns the QgsFieldModel used in this QSortFilterProxyModel.
QgsFieldProxyModel * setFilters(QgsFieldProxyModel::Filters filters)
Set flags that affect how fields are filtered in the model.
Container of fields for a vector layer.
Definition qgsfields.h:45
Base class for all map layer types.
Definition qgsmaplayer.h:75
static QgsProject * instance()
Returns the QgsProject singleton instance.
QgsExpressionContext createExpressionContext() const override
This method needs to be reimplemented in all classes which implement this interface and return an exp...
Represents a vector layer which manages a vector based data sets.
QgsExpressionContext createExpressionContext() const FINAL
This method needs to be reimplemented in all classes which implement this interface and return an exp...
void updatedFields()
Emitted whenever the fields available from this layer have been changed.